- Nitrogen (N): Every plant needs nitrogen because it is used in all growth processes. Above all it is a component of amino acids. Therefore used in plant cells as building blocks for enzymes. Proteins and the green chlorophyll pigments are included.
- Phosphorus (P) : The phosphorus plays a key role in plant energy transfer and storage . For instance, it is the power station that your plant needs in order to accumulate and use energy from nitrogen.
- Potassium (K) : Potassium is required by plants for a number of critical processes. These include the development of cell walls, flowering and water uptake.
- Sulfur (S) : Sulfur is used in plants for the formation of many amino acids. This includes some of the proteins and vitamins needed for chlorophyll production. It also plays a part in reducing stress from environmental fluctuations, diseases and pests.
- Calcium (CA) : Just as we need calcium for strong teeth and bones. Plants need calcium to build strong cell walls, healthy roots and strong growing points. Overuse of potassium can cause a calcium deficiency. Particularly if your soil has a low pH content.
- Magnesium (MG) : This element is a component in chlorophyll. It is needed to move phosphorus around the plant. It moves around the plant and any deficiency is seen in older leaves first.
- Trace Nutrients : These nutrients are required in trace amounts. These should also be considered when choosing nutrients for your plant to get a healthy overall mix.